2 edition of Inert ingredients of pesticides found in the catalog.
Inert ingredients of pesticides
Charles N. Bebee
by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library in Beltsville, Md
Written in English
|Statement||prepared by Charles N. Bebee.|
|Series||Quick bibliography series -- NAL-BIBL. QB 87-72., Quick bibliography series -- 87-72.|
|Contributions||National Agricultural Library (U.S.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||3, 31 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||31|
Inert ingredient: Any pesticide in-gredients other than an active ingre-dient. They are used as solvents, sur-factants, diluents, carriers, catalysts, synergists, intensifiers, and more than 30 other uses.2 Recent EPA policy al-lows the term “other” to be substi-tuted for the term “inert” on pesticide labels.3 According to EPA policy. Pesticide Inert Ingredients Market: Strategies Stimulating Profitability. Reaping Benefits from Transformations in Agricultural Sector. In addition to ‘servicization’ gaining the status of a win-win strategy, competition trends, such as integration of value chain, adoption of advanced technologies, and globalization of trade, have changed the face of the agricultural industry.
Under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), all pesticides sold or distributed in the United States must be registered with EPA. Because of concern that some inert ingredients might also cause adverse effects to humans and the environment, EPA outlined its strategy for regulating inert ingredients in This appears to be the case with popular pesticides and herbicides – the inert ingredients are not so inert after all. Herbicides and pesticides are formulations that combine the primary weed or bug killing chemical(s) with what are called adjuvants. Adjuvants are compounds that dilute or preserve or in some way maximize the delivery of the.
Flow Chart for Selecting FIFRA Section 25(b) Minimum Risk Pesticides Not Prohibited for Use on Cannabis in Maine 25b products do not have EPA Registration Numbers (Ex: EPA Reg. No. or EPA Reg. No. Are ALL inert/other ingredients eligible for food use? (Refer to page 2 for link to inert ingredient list approved by EPA for food-use.). Pesticide News Story: Office of Pesticide Programs Launches Online Searchable Database of Inert Ingredients Approved for Use in Pesticides. For Release: Octo EPA’s Pesticide Program has released a new online searchable database, called Inert Finder.
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Rows The data requirements for pesticide registration include the submission of information on. Inert Ingredients. Many pesticide products contain substances in addition to the active ingredient(s) that are referred to as inert ingredients or sometimes as “ other ingredients.”This chapter describes how EPA reviews inert ingredients as part of the pesticide product review process.
Synthetic pesticides contain active and inert ingredients. The EPA defines an inert ingredient as “any ingredient other than an active ingredient,” according to Cain.
In some instances, inert ingredients are added to extend the pesticide product's shelf-life or to protect the pesticide from degradation due to exposure to sunlight. Pesticides are chemical poisons designed to control, destroy, or repel plants and animals such as insects (insecticides), weeds (herbicides), rodents (rodenticides), and mold or fungus (fungicides).
They include active ingredients (those intended to kill the target) and inert ingredients, which are often not “inert. Although the inert ingredients are not directly responsible for the action of the pesticide, as is the active ingredient, they may be highly toxic.
Inert ingredients range in their toxicity from non-toxic to highly toxic. Their toxicity also varies according to how they are taken into the human body. Minimum Risk Pesticides • Products listed as ―Minimum Risk Pesticides‖ by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are exempt from the requirements of FIFRA.
These products –Do not have an EPA Registration Number –Must be labeled with: • The name and weight percent of each active ingredient • The name of each inert ingredient.
How to Use this List: To determine if an inert ingredient can be used in minimum risk pesticide products, locate the ingredient in the table below by using the CAS Reg. or the chemical name. Once the ingredient has been located, go to the last three columns. All inert ingredients identified below can be used on non-food use sites (e.g.
Inert Ingredients Permitted for Use in Nonfood Use Pesticide Products - EPA Minimal Risk Inert Ingredients Eligible for FIFRA 25(b) Pesticide Products - EPA If you have questions about this, or any pesticide-related topic, please call NPIC at (am - pm PST), or email us at [email protected] The estimated 2, pesticide inert ingredients may defy regulation due to trade secret norms, poor EPA data quality, and historic government neglect [39, 40].
Additionally, no federal statute. sists of the active ingredient(s) and the inert ingredient(s). Active ingredients are the chemicals that are actually ef-fective against the pest. The rest of the product is com-posed of an inert ingredient(s). The percentage of total inert ingredient(s) (which can range from 0.
Inert ingredients serve a variety of functions in pesticide formulations, acting as solvents, surfactants, or preservatives, among many other functions (U.S. EPAa). Products with the same active ingredient may be described as granular, flowable, emulsifiable, or wettable based on the inert ingredients in the formulation (NPTN ).
Determining whether an ingredient in a pesticide product is inert or active requires information on the concentration and purpose of the ingredient in the formulation. As an example, citric acid is a disinfectant, sanitizer, and fungicide (an active ingredient) when used in combination with other active ingredients.
The pesticide formulation is a mixture of active and other ingredients (previously called inert ingredients). An active ingredient is a substance that prevents, kills, or repels a pest or acts as a plant regulator, The Pesticide Book, 4th ed; W.H. Freeman: Fresno, CA, Inadequate Assessment of the Hazards of Pesticide Formulations.
The U.S. EPA () has identified almost 3, substances, with widely varying toxicity, that are used as inert ingredients in the United States.
For example, paper is used as an inert ingredient, but so are toxic chemicals such as naphthalene and xylene (U.S. EPA ).Also, about 50% of all inert ingredients are at least.
Active ingredients are the chemicals in a pesticide product that controls pests. Inert ingredients are the chemicals in a pesticide product that are added to make the product safer, more effective, easier to measure, mix, and apply, and more convenient to handle.
List of Other (Inert) Pesticide Ingredients List 4 – Inerts of Minimal Concern Updated 12/ CAS Prefix Name ListNo Sorbitol 4A L- Ascorbic acid 4A Dextrose 4A Glycerin 4A Hexadecanoic acid 4A Stearic acid 4A Urea 4A Sugar 4A Calcium acetate 4A In SeptemberEPA issued Pesticide Regulation Notice requesting registrants of pesticide products to voluntarily substitute the term "other ingredients" in lieu of the term "inert ingredients" on the label.
EPA made this change after listening to comments from the public, and learning the results of a consumer survey on the use of.
An “active ingredient” prevents, destroys, repels, or mitigates a pest, or is a plant regulator, defoliant, desiccant, or nitrogen stabilizer.
All other ingredients are called "inert ingredients" by federal are important for product performance and usability. Active Ingredients. Active ingredients are the chemicals in a pesticide product that act to control the pests. 2 ˚˜ ˜# ˘˘˙# • Call a poison control center or doctor immediately for treatment advice.
• Do not give any liquid to the person. • Do not induce vomiting unless told to do so by the poison control center or doctor. Formulation: Pesticide product as sold, usually a mixture of active and inert ingredients. Fumigant: Pesticide that is a vapor or gas or that forms a vapor or gas when applied and whose pesticidal action occurs in the gaseous state.
Ground water: Water beneath the earth's surface in soil or rock. A significant proportion of typical pesticide formulations are inert ingredients. In a survey of over common household products in retail stores in Oregon, the Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides (NCAP b) found that these products contained on average 86% inert ingredients.InEPA announced a policy to reduce the potential for adverse effects from the use of pesticide products containing toxic formulants or inert ingredients.
The primary objective of the policy was to significantly reduce the use of toxic inerts and to obtain data. Stephanie K. Clendennen, Neil W. Boaz, in Biobased Surfactants (Second Edition), Industrial Uses.
Inalkyl betaines were added to the list of inert ingredients in pesticide formulations used on plants preharvest and applied to animals, indicating utility of alkyl betaines as a pesticide adjuvant in agriculture (EPA, ). Betaines also have a potential role to play in.